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September 1, 2004   Volume 2, Number 13

Treasure Hunter's Secret Manual

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Streeter's Treasure Hunting Supply, Keene, NH. Home of the Treasure Hunter's Gazette  online magazine

with almost 300 articles posted, photo galleries, forums, contests, and more. Coverage of Best O' North
East (BONE) events and Professional Treasure Hunters Historical Society. Sign up for our newsletter and get the latest news sent right to your email. Shop for all of your detecting needs at our online store. Streeter's is a Multiline Discount Metal Detector Dealer  with over 30 years experience. Visit us at http://www.streeter.org or call 603-357-0607



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September 1, 2004   Volume 2, Number 13

FROM THE EDITOR:  Issue # 37 !  Hello ALL !  Tara & I went on our motor home tour ( with Tara's parents ) for a week and visited 5 of the National Parks in southern Utah.  Great weather, nice scenery & LOTS of red rocks !   I'm already looking forward to my next trip ( somewhere else ) in mid-September !   I received a few more link submissions from my regular contributors, plus a few from some new contributors !   THANKS !!  On with the show !







































Link Submitted By HARLEY BISSELL







NOTE FROM THE EDITOR:   The following three links were submitted by HERB KEISTER:











NOTE FROM THE EDITOR:    The following four links were submitted by RANDY  "JESSE JAMES" SUMPTER:
















     In the high, remote mountains of northern Nevada, a ghost by the name of Unionville now rests.

     To the northwest, Star Peak keeps a watchful eye over this ghost that once entertained noted celebrities known now as the Knights of the Golden Circle, the Oddfellows and Masons. Such a place for this ghost and the events that surrounded this area has darkened secrets that few know about today.

     Unionville is a ghosttown. Her store buildings are empty of stores, her mine tunnels stand silent. The spooky black mill at the head of main street is draped in cobwebs and tenanted by bats; and where thousands of men once followed the lure of treasure, only five homes were occupied in July, 1953.

     Unionville was a good area for the many mines that were opened by various enterprises. By the summer of 1863, there had been erected in the new camp more than 300 cabins, and new claim seekers were arriving at an average rate of 150 per week. Ground had been staked from the alkaline sink at the mouth of the canyon to the white crest of the Humboldts, and a mining recorder and seven deputies were very busy recording claims.

     A schoolhouse was built in 1863 using adobe brick and the building was used by various factions for meeting places and other things.

     Political conventions, dances, church services and sessions of the town board were held in it.  The meetings of the Masonic and Oddfellows lodges, and the Sons of Temperance. Neither creed nor color, nor politics, constituted a barrier to the hall's usage. During Civil War years, it provided a headquarters for the Union League and for Southern sympathizers who were soundly organized as Knights of the Golden Circle and Sons of Liberty.

     In 1864, while a bloody Civil War was raging in the East and partisanship was a sore issue the town was split in two by sections. With Loyalists true faith to the north lived in the upper town section, Southern sympathizers lived in lower town section or "Dixie" as it was known. A buffer strip alluded to as "Centerville" stretched between the two hot-beds like a miniature Mason-Dixon line. A horse drawn stage made hourly trips from one end of town to the other.

     Time marched on and the Civil War had ended, slavery was abolished, the nation was mourning a martyred president and the Ku-Klux-Klan had been organized and Unionville was now five years old.

     In 1880, with the town's population shriveled from thousands to a small handful, the Arizona mine was now gone and most of its residents had moved on to other gold strike areas and boom towns that dotted the landscapes of Nevada.

     Rumors of buried miner gold caches echoed out to those who would pass through Unionville headed for better gold fields. Yes, stories, rumors, legends, facts, fiction and more stories without end told of a once rich land where gold ore was brought out of the ground and sold. The local cemetery is the keeper of these forgotten stories and remembered tales of Unionville's youth where the KGC, Masons and Oddfellows once had meetings that lasted into the night. And now? The young, old and anything else we can imagine in our minds sleep silently in those forgotten graves.

     Unionville is a ghost resting peacefully in the mountains and when the evening is young and the air has a chill about itself, the dark shadows of the past-like relentless years-are stealing in to swallow the final remains of a ghost named Unionville.



How many times have we just given up on a site because it seems to be completely worked out except for iron and other trash items? A site that may have given up some really good finds in the past and is now producing only trashy and broken signals, just needs a fresh approach. I started noticing a few years ago at some of my exclusive productive sites that the good finds had tapered off and most signals were now iron or really scratchy trash signals. Before I would have just given up on the site and moved on to greener pastures but this one site in particular had produced a number of Spanish silver coins and early US silver and copper coins.

I started with setting the descrimination down to nothing on the detector and digging every signal, iron, foil, aluminum and pull tabs all came out of the ground and were disposed of. Some pieces of iron were particularly huge and had been in the ground for over a hundred years. These pieces of trash were obviously putting off a halo that could have been masking good targets and with removing them from the ground, I knew I could again recover some good targets from the area. After a full afternoon of removing all the junk I could detect from a certain area, I then went over the area again and much to my surprise found absolutely nothing. How could this be; I wondered and as the sun began to set in the Florida sky I loaded up before the mosquitoes carried me off and head for home.

It wasn’t until a few weeks later that I was able to return to the site with intentions of removing more junk from another section and repeating the process from a few weeks back. I turned the detector on and swept the coil haphazardly through the recently cleaned out area on the way to clean out another section and got a good signal on the way through. It turned out to be a musket ball right in the middle of where all the trash had been removed. I then slowed down and carefully swept the coil over the area where the trash had been removed and got signal after signal from an area that I assumed had been picked clean. Most of the signals were bits and pieces of lead, brass and copper but I also recovered an 1854 large cent, a couple of metal buttons with no design, an 1825 half-dime, an 1829 10-cent piece and a couple of Spanish 1 real coins. None of these had caused even the slightest change in the detector’s threshold hum just weeks ago. What could be different? Same detector, same careful pattern of swinging the coil and in exactly the same area, but not until weeks later did these targets register on my detector.

I soon formed a theory that large trash items left a residual halo in the ground or disrupted the magnetic field to the point that smaller targets were still hidden even after the offending piece of metal was removed. I set out time and time again to study the situation and to prove my theory and I think that I might be on to something. In that same area until it was recently leased by a hunting club and put off limits I was able to repeat the experiment with varying degrees of success and even discovered that if a rain had fallen in between the time I returned that the results seemed to be better.

Now that that area has been restricted I have moved my laboratory to the old port town of Apalachicola, Florida and in a small strip of ground between the sidewalk and the street that measures barely 3 foot wide and about 100 foot long the experiments continue. My first few passes along the area produced a pocket full of wheaties, and a few silver dimes. I then set about removing all of the trash items I could find including some very large iron pieces that really took some excavating to get out of there. The results were the same in that it took a few weeks of the site sitting there untouched before the good stuff started ringing up on the detector. To this date the site has produced so many good finds that I am returning over an hour and a half drive every few weeks to systematically work this small area that was given up on by a metal detecting club in the area as being too trashy. Every time I think that there can’t possibly be anything left I get a pleasant surprise. I have managed to recovery old jewelry (gold and silver), coins to include another large cent, several Indian head pennies, an 1854 half dime, a Minnie ball, several buttons to include a beautiful Spanish navy button from the late 1700’s, a 1792 two real coin, a couple of shield nickels, a buffalo nickel and some tokens along with an assortment of interesting relics to include my most recent find of a smashed silver thimble close to where I had removed a large iron bar just weeks ago.

Your mission should you choose to accept it, is to return to those places where others have given up on and with your detector take the time to remove all trash and I mean all trash. I know it is a pain but you will be rewarded for your efforts at a later date. Most of these sites are known to other detectorists as worked out and are no longer a draw for these guys. Due to the amount of work involved most folks won’t expend that kind of effort and you should be able to work these sites without any interference from your fellow detectorists. The key is to hit a site that you know has produced in the past or in a really old area where the possibility exists that good targets are in the ground. When you return, use a small coil, turn down the discrimination and work slowly and thoroughly. Investigate every single chirp and chatter on the detector as well as changes in the threshold. If you’re not sure better to dig and eliminate the source of the sound and you might be surprised at what comes out even on a questionable signal.

I like feedback and like to hear success stories from other detectorists. Please let me know how this system works for you and feel free to interject any of your theories and observations into the mix. I can be contacted at karlbackus@myexcel.com. Best of luck to you and keep on swinging that coil.



As you all should know by now, our event is planned for October 22-23-24, 2004 here in Texas at the Longs Fishin & Diggin 150 year old campgrounds. I am purposely trying in this event, to bring us in this hobby back to where this hobby and other closely associated hobbies enjoyed and was fun for the entire family years ago. I will email you all again an attachment of the flyer with directions after this email, incase you have misplaced it.

This event will be very important to WWATS and our hobbies. Both Larry Armstrong and I are inviting representatives from other such organizations as Public Lands for the People, GPAA, American Lands Access, Blueribbon Coalition, Northwest Mining Association, USA-ALL,  Indian artifact hunters, paleontologists, prospectors, manufacturers, rock collectors and more. To date, I do know of a representative coming from Blueribbion Coalition,  and American Lands Access has called and asked specific directions to the Rally. We are still contact others at this time but do know of several manufacturers coming, as well as Bob Sullivan and Ed Brown that will be there for their side of the Bob and Ed case to be explained. We wish to give each representative a certain amount of time to speak at the Rally being held on Sat. 23rd at 12:30 PM at this campground under the large tent. Many folks will be coming just for this Rally and for the first time an actual gathering of many of the hobbies and their representatives so that we might look and plan our strategy in Washington DC. This will in fact help us all to understand the problems we all are facing and to plan some action working as one.

I'm please to announce the expense of the large tent may be donated by Bob Sullivan and his church, by donating the use of their large tent. For this I have offered Bob's pastor to lead a short Sunday morning services at the Campground for those that wish to attend. I will know within the next two weeks if this tent donation is locked down.

As for attendance, we are just now getting the flyers out to the clubs themselves. It took quite some time to get them to the individual members since we have so many in WWATS now. Our strongest attendance will be of course from the Texas Clubs, so they will receive flyers first if they have not already. A number of membership forms have been coming in and as to date only one entry to the pay hunt we are having on Sunday at the event. However, I expect that to pick up greatly once the flyers are in Texas Club members hands.

As you know, much of our hunts are Free. There will be a Friday night Cookout and a Free Night Hunt afterwards, where all the coins and prize tokens are thrown on top of the ground for contestants to find with their detectors. Friday night will also start the two Clue hunts hidden somewhere in the 2800 acres. One will be a clue hunt by GPS only and the other by written clues throughout the weekend. Also we will start the Big Fish Contest, entries pay a $5.00 entry fee and the pot split between first and second place winners at the end of the weekend. I have had several signing up for just that contest only.

Saturday will start another long list of activities as well as our annual FREE OPEN HUNT. Last year, we buried some 8000 mixed coins and prize tokens and gave away about 100 prizes. As you know this is a free hunt to everyone that attends and can only be successful by the many donations that members and others give us. Please consider donating to this open hunt this year! Our purpose for such a hunt is to prove to others it is not neccessary to always ask for their money in order to have a great time in our hobby as so many organizations now charge you for that enjoyment. Also our membership being Free for three years again show others we do not have to have your money to work for you, but donations are accepted and appreciated. Also Saturday night we will have our very first Campfire Gathering as I remember them many years ago in this hobby and the great fun they were. It will be all gathering at a large campfire Sat. night for treasure tales, facts and some great sing alongs. I have two recorded artist that will be participating in this Gathering and singing.

Sunday we'll have a early short service under the tent, a special Free hunt of all jewelry for just the ladies that will be fun, and then start the Free Kids Hunt. Later we will have our only paid entry hunt, which we do need help in locating prizes and coins for. Several have donated to it already. To end Sunday will be the announcements of winners of the Clue Hunts, and Big Fish contest.

In between these events all three days the 200 Indian Village site is open to all that wish to dig for arrowheads or points at no charge. Also the GPAA has stated they will be set-up to teach on-hands-training on use of gold dredges, highbankers, gold panning contest, and refinement processes to any that wish to learn at no charge, there has been several nice nuggets found on the campground and good color coming from the river (the owner has all the permits). Several short fun hunts are also planned throughout the two days as well as the campground itself is 150 years old and may contain just nearly anything if you wish to detect it, again for free. The campground is a primitive site with just a few electric hookups, no water or dump station for RV's. You must be self contained or tent camp. The campground is covered in shade, picnic tables, trash barrels, fire pits, and port-a-johns. There are a few cabins that rent for $35.00 per night and sleep at least three, beds are there and electricity. Many of these cabins we are saving for VIP personnel so it is a come first--to be served. The only charge except for the cabins is the landowner charges $20.00 per person per day (12 and under free) for a free campsite and use of the property.

Just a small note, I have purchased from my own pocket several prizes for the Free Kids Hunt and the Free ladies only hunt and two PA systems (one podium and one outside system) for this Rally weekend. We now have some 5000 coins for the Free Open Hunt, but need some silver coins to mix with that. We have 7 new metal detectors for that hunt and the kids hunt given to us by one manufacturer thus far. Several are stepping forward with a prize or two, a roll of coins or so. Please consider helping us with the donations or help us find other donations for the success of this Rally and Hunt. These donation do not need to be hobby orientated. All that donate will be listed at the event for all to see. We will have several fundraisers there at the event and it will be our only source of income to WWATS at the event. We are hoping to make enough to afford our legal paperwork so to incorporate and acquire a tax status. Thanks so much for your help!

If you have any questions, please contact me at: kwills@worldnet.att.net, or call (903) 843-5555 or send donations to:

 Keith Wills/WWATS , 201 S. Montgomery St., Gilmer, TX. 75644

Treasure Hunter's Secret Manual
Forest Service intent to take over States' jurisdiction of all waters, mining, etc.

August 30, 2004


Please, please, please get this Action Alert out to ALL your contacts ASAP.  

The public comment period ends September 7, 2004. 

This is an attempt by the Feds to take over States' jurisdiction of all waters, etc.

If it succeeds, there will soon be no state jurisdiction over anything.  

The Feds will merely assume preemption whenever and however they please.  

Notice they are doing it by one Forest Service employee's interpretation of a "minor mining regulation" -- MAJOR RED FLAGS!

Below is a letter from Patrick Keene, a member of a family-owned and operated business that will go out of business if this "Forest Service Regulation" isn't stopped. 

By changing (or leaving out) one word in a regulation, a federal agency intends to kick hundreds of thousands of people off public land and put hundreds of businesses out of business. 

Such power belongs to Congress, not the Forest Service.

Phone calls are great, but faxes are better ...  Paper trail!

Any faxed correspondence should have the following as a heading:

USDA-Forest Service, Minerals and Geology Management (MGM)

Staff (2810)

Mail Stop 1126 

Washington, DC 20250-1125


Fax: 703-605-1575

Attn: Secretary Ann Veneman; Undersecretary Mark Rey; Director of Minerals and Geology Management; and Staff Member Sam Hotchkiss


In accordance with the Request for Public Comments and Notice of Interim Rule: 

Federal Register Notice, Friday, July 9 2004, (69 FR 41428)(2004 WL 1530411 (F.R.)), (RIN 0596-AC17) Interim Rule, allegedly, interpreting 36 CFR § 228.4, (the "Interim Rule"), and was signed by Mark Rey.

Dear Secretary Veneman, Undersecretary Rey; Mr. Hotchkiss, and Director of MGM:

August 9, 2004 

My name is Patrick Keene; I am part of a third generation family owned business that has served the mining community for 55 years. 

Keene Engineering is the largest supplier of small scale and portable mining equipment in the world. Our company and many other manufacturers, sells to small businesses and dealers, who provide goods to prospectors and miners throughout the United States.   

On July 7, 2004, there was a notice in the Federal Register announcing Forest Service plans to clarify the language of 36CFR228.4 that will negatively impact gold prospecting -- and any other activities -- on mining claims. 

By removing the word significant from "significant surface disturbance," this will allow District Rangers to make arbitrary and capricious decisions as to the activities, which may cause "any" surface disturbance.  

Significant surface disturbance, by definition, meant mechanized earth-moving equipment such as bulldozers, backhoes, cutting of trees, and now they are amending the regulation to include, panning, sluicing, small hand held suction dredges and hand tools in the same category. 

A suction dredge vacuums material through a suction hose and carries the material into a sluice box. The water and material flows over gravity traps to remove heavy materials such as, gold and also removes lead and mercury which are natural occurring and hazardous to the environment. 

Studies have proven that suction dredging does not harm fish or any other types of aquatic species and provides beneficial habitat.

There are over 167,000 small-scale independent miners, which support the economic infrastructure of the U.S.  The annual economic benefit generated by small-scale independent miners is $253,000,000 in 2001. Source: U.S. Commerce Department.   The Forest Service does not believe that the Economic Impact will not have an annual economic impact of $100,000,000 or more on the economy; which is [utterly false]. 

This Forest Service rule violates and circumvents the Administration Procedures Act, the National Environmental Protection Act (NEPA), the Regulatory Flexibility Act and many other important laws that give people rights on public lands. 

The new language in the 36CFR-228.4 will not allow our industry and many others who provide prospecting supplies to survive, due to extreme economic impacts, because of this new regulation. 

The Forest Service also feels that it requires no congressional authority to undermine the 1872 Mining Law. 

Small-scale independent miners spend a large amount of money to benefit the small towns, counties, and the State's economies. Small-scale independent miners purchase fuel, groceries and camping supplies and many other amenities. It is important for miner to exercise their rights on public lands to explore and developed potential mineral resources for our country's economy. Most small businesses, which provide prospecting supplies and services, are struggling to survive in this political climate. The Forest Service by this interim rule is trying to eliminate the small-scale independent miners and their rights to prospect on public lands. 

The opinion of the Forest Service is that a miner does not have the statuary right to occupy his valid mining claim for the purpose of mining even if it is incidental to a mining operation and that he should therefore be required file a mandatory, Notice of Intent. Which of coarse would require a Plan of Operation and a Bond. 

You cannot obtain a bond if no one will bond you. Suction dredging has been exempt in the past  The final determination is up to the District Ranger for he or she will be free to make any determination as to what they personally feel will be significant, whether the activity would be such as panning or sluicing of gold. 

These regulations could collapse the recreational mining industry. It is essential that Americans maintain their rights to mine on public lands, because of the 1872 Mining law.  

Mining is what made this country what it is today. 

In conclusion, the new rule in affect will not clarify anything, but leave individuals to make their own interpretations by according to their own agenda, (which could be arbitrary and capricious). 


Patrick Keen
Keene Engineering

20201 Bahama Street

Chatsworth, CA 91311

800-841-7833 (outside CA)

800-392-4653 (in CA)

Fax: 818-993-0447




Big South Fork National River & Recreation Area (KY,TN)
Two Caught Looting Rock Shelter

On Sunday, August 22nd, rangers arrested David Grover and Jackie Chaney, both of Burnside, Kentucky, for digging up and removing artifacts from one of the park’s numerous prehistoric rock shelters. While on patrol, rangers had earlier noted signs of fresh digging in the shelter, one of many that they monitor. Additional patrols were subsequently made in hopes of catching the thieves. A ranger checking the site on Sunday saw Grover and Chaney digging there. They were arrested on ARPA charges after being observed and taped for about 30 minutes.





OK !  DONE !   Have a GREAT Labor Day Weekend !  I'll be back to you in 2 weeks ( on Sept. 15th ) with issue #38 !


As ALWAYS:  to my great wife TARA---who tolerates & supports my treasure hunting activities !

DISCLAIMER :   This LOST TREASURE USA newsletter contains links to sites on the internet that are owned and operated by third parties.  I am not responsible for the availability of, or the content located on or through, any such third-party site.

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COPYRIGHT :   This LOST TREASURE USA newsletter, and my website at www.LostTreasureUSA.com   are copyrighted 2003-2004 by FLOYD MANN ( D.B.A. Lost Treasure USA ).  But, you may ( please ! ) forward it to as many people as you like.

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